The world is chaos. In the current year, our life needs two facets of existence: the physical and the intellectual. That is so because existence needs us to be that diverse. Even though in the olden days’ human life was amply complicated, there was time to live life and enjoy it peacefully. Nowadays, the tables have turned. We do not judge through the quality of a person. Everything is based on value-judgments. How should we expect to survive in a world as fierce as this one? Well, the answer lies in the domain of Critical Thinking.
What is Critical Thinking?
Critical Thinking is the ability to think rationally, without any personal judgement. The prefix of the word critical derives from the word critique, meaning the ability to discern, dissect and judge. Critical Thinking originated in ancient Greece. As Plato developed his excellent plays, so began the age of reason with them.
For example, in Plato’s The Republic, the entire book looks for answers to a query. Socrates is concerned about the nature of justice and injustice. He starts to argue with his fellow philosopher friends on the issue. What really makes the book compelling in its wisdom is that Socrates invents an ideal state. He does so in speaking and does it because they have to discover whether it is better to live the just life or the unjust life.
The Republic is triumphant in the world of academia and philosophy.
Why is it important?
Critical thinking is a self-guided process. You look at things, and you understand them in the most objective sense possible. Your sense of Critical Thinking comes from the realization that human nature is necessarily flawed. Most of us think about anything because we want it, or desire some aspect of it. But consider for a second the fact that desire itself is a bias. We cannot think critically think about things where our biases are involved. A bias is largely responsible whenever a political propagandist is successful at persuades you to follow his ideology.,
How do you become a Critical Thinker?
Well, it seems pretty straightforward, but surely is not. This process works in different steps. It always begins with Education. You educate yourself on certain topics from a subject, like the Marxist theory from Politics, for example. After going through it, remember your older views on the theory. Were they erring on the side of emotion rather than reason? Were your views based on insufficient data? If so, how do you feel about it now? Construct your ideology.
After a few days of thinking and contemplating, you will realize that your thoughts are clearer than they used to be. You know the formation of the theory itself, so if anyone who talks with a half-assessed critique of that theory, you will know how to call them out.
The goal of Critical thinking is not to bring balance to the world. Rather, the goal is to give people the tools to become wiser human beings who understand that things are not merely black and white.